Safety is the top priority in aircraft construction. With each generation of new engines developed, the fuel efficiency must be increased. Safety and efficiency also starts with the durability properties of the smallest component: the turbine blade. 3D laser vibration analysis allows fast, efficient and highly detailed assessment of stress and strain distribution with basically unlimited measurement points and a high spatial resolution, using the fine laser spot. Derived directly from the FE grid and purely visual in nature, the instrumentation costs per blade are omitted entirely. The high spatial resolution reliably shows you both the location and the value of the maximum stress value. This method is used the world over by all the leading component and engine manufacturers. Following the trend toward a lighter engine, blisks (blade-integrated disks) are used in high-pressure compressors. Coordination of the blades’ eigenfrequencies is absolutely essential for safe operation. Scanning Vibrometers quickly provide you with the necessary data for this very purpose.
Bladed disk (so called blisks) or bladed rotors change their dynamic properties depending on the rotational speed. The optical derotation method is perfect if the calculation is to be adjusted using valid test data. With the measuring laser’s movement being synchronized with the turbine, one can easily extract the true operational deflection shapes from the trial. Even today, optical measuring technology is the established global tool for safety and a faster time to market in development, testing, preventive maintenance and even parts reconditioning.
Validating complex models with stress and strain measurement
The need to validate simulation models of complex mechanical structures has grown in importance for efficiency in the design process. This is especially true for non-linear structures (such as composite panels and jointed components) where it is critical to use an accurate full-field measurement method. This tutorial covers a how-to-guide and use-cases of Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometry (SLDV) as a non-invasive technology to efficiently characterize critical mechanical structures. Read the full paper from the IMAC International Modal Analysis Conference.
Eichenberger J., Sauer J. (2022) Validating Complex Models Accurately and Without Contact Using Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometry (SLDV). In: Di Maio D., Baqersad J. (eds) Rotating Machinery, Optical Methods & Scanning LDV Methods, Volume 6. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-76335-0_11