Modern white-light interferometers use the interference effects that occur when the light reflected from the sample is superimposed with the light reflected by a high-precision reference mirror. The measurement method is based on the principle of Michelson interferometry, where the optical configuration (image) contains a light source with a coherence length in the μm range.
Chromatic confocal technology for the optical measurement of distance, roughness line profiling and thickness has been established as one of the mature methods available to industry and research. Chromatic confocal sensors from Polytec base on a measurement principle explained in the following.
Evaluating form parameters like flatness, parallelism and waviness and characterizing a surface structure based on its texture, roughness profile and more are the fundamental values prodvided by surface metrology for a reliable quality control in the lab and in production environments. See some examples of what TopMap surface metrology can measure for you.